Allah (swt) dedicated a whole surah in the name of Women, Surat An-Nisā’ (The Women), starting with the following ayah:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا
Mankind, fear your Lord, who created you of a single soul, and from it created its mate, and from the pair of them scattered abroad many men and women (nisā’); and fear God by whom you demand one of another, and the wombs; surely God ever watches over you. (Translation: Arberry) (4:1)

However, what is the word Nisā’ (نساء) derived from?

أبى رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد عن أبيه، عن محمد بن سنان، عن اسماعيل بن جابر وعبد الكريم بن عمرو، عن عبد الحميد بن أبى الديلم، عن أبى عبد الله ” ع ” في حديث طويل قال: سمي النساء نساءا لانه لم يكن لآدم ” ع ” أنس غير حواء
Abi Abdilllah [al-Sadiq] (as) in a long narration said: “Women were named “Nisā'” (نساء) because there was no ‘uns (أنس) for Adam (as) except for Hawaa’.

Reference: `ilal al-Sharaa’i`, al-Sadooq, Volume 1, Chapter 16, Hadith #1 (See Image below)


Through this hadith, Imam al-Sadiq (as) here explains that the word “Nisā'” (نساء) was derived from ‘uns (أنس).

The meaning of ‘uns (أنس) is quite deep. Often it is translated as “affection” but this really does not give the deep meaning justice. It has several dimensions, and the reality of the word “‘uns” is a combination of the following:

Sincere affection; Close connection because of shared qualities or features; Sympathetic and harmonious relationship; The feeling or relationship that exists between friends; (Ref: al-Maany)

Companionship (man towards a woman); Tranquillity of the heart; A chosen, select, particular, special friend or companion. (Ref: Lanes Lexicon)

Thus, When we are to combine these dimensions into the aforementioned hadith, we realised that the women were called “Nisā’” for a very elegant reason. Adam (as) had no one other than Hawaa’ to be his friend, companion. Due to the shared qualities and features, he had sincere affection for her. Through this, it allowed him to have a sympathetic and harmonious relationship with her. In return, she brought tranquillity to his heart. She was the chosen, select, and particular companion which was created from him, for him, by the creator of all creations – Allah (swt).

Relationship Goals! Subhanallah.