Will those who do not believe in intercession have a chance of attaining the intercession of Ahlulbayt (as)? Will those who are persistant in major sins be eligible for the intercession of Ahlulbayt (as)?
‘I heard Musa bin Ja’far (as) saying: ‘Allah (swt) will not Keep eternally in the Fire any except for the people of disbelief, and the people of ingratitude, and the people of misguidance, and the people of association (الشرك). And the ones from the Believers who keep away from the major sins, would not be questioned about the minor sins. Allah Blessed and High Said “If you shun the great sins which you are Forbidden, We will do away with your (small) sins and Cause you to enter an honorable place of entering’” (4:31).
He said: So he (the questioner) said: Oh son of the Messenger of Allah, so for who is the intercession from the sinners?
(Imam al-Kazim (as)) said: “It is narrated from his father, through my forefathers, from the Prophet that he said: “My intercession is for those of my ummah who would have committed big sins; as for the doers of good, there shall be no difficulty for them.”
He was asked: “O son of the Messenger of Allah! How can the intercession be for those who would have committed big sins, while Allah says “and they do not intercede except for him whom He approves” (21:28); and a committer of big sins cannot be approved?”
He (as) said: “No believer commits a sin but he regrets it and feels ashamed. And the Prophet has said: ‘Enough is regret as a repentance.’ And also he (sawa) has said: ‘Whoever is pleased by a good deed and displeased by a bad deed, he is a believer.’ Therefore, if there is someone who does not feel remorse for a sin he has committed, he is not a believer, and intercession will not avail him, and he will be an unjust one. And Allah says “the unjust shall not have any true friend nor any intercessor who should be obeyed” (40:18).”
It was said to him: “O son of the Messenger of Allah! How is it that he who is not sorry of a sin he has committed, he does not remain a believer?” He said: “Anyone who commits a big sin, knowing that he must be punished for it, will certainly feel remorse for what he has done. And as soon as he is sorry, he is repentant, and eligible for intercession. But if he is not sorry, then he is persisting in it, and a persistent (sinner) is not forgiven, because he does not believe in the punishment of what he has done; had he believed in that punishment, he would have been sorry. And the Prophet has said: ‘No big sin abides with apologizing, and no small sin remains (small) with persistence.’ And as for the words of Allah, “and they do not intercede except for him whom He approves”, it means that they do not intercede except for him whose religion He approves. Religion is an acknowledgement that good and bad deeds have to be recompensed. If one’s religion were approved, one would feel remorse for the sins one would have committed, because he would know what their result would be on the (day of) resurrection.”’
Sanad: Ahmed bin Ziyad bin Ja`far al-hamdaani, from Ali bin Ibrahim bin Haashim, from his father, from Mohammad bin abi `Umayr, who narrated the above hadith
Source: al-Tawheed, Sh. al-Sadooq, Chapter 63, Hadith #6 (See First Image below)
Grading: Sh. Haadi al-Najafi says the sanad is Authentic/Sahih [Maw’su`atu ahaadeeth ahlulbayt (as), Volume 2, Page 278 (See Second Image below)]
A few interesting things come out from this hadith.
1. If one restrains himself from the big sins, his small sins will be ignored.
2. No big sin is beyond repentance
3. No sin is small enough to magnify it into a big sin if one persists in it
4. If one does not feel remorse for a sin, he is an unjust one, and Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an: Then a crier will cry out among them that the curse of Allah is on the unjust, who hinder (people) from Allah’s way and seek to make it crooked and they are disbelievers in the hereafter (7:44-45). Thus, unjust is he who does not believe in the Day of Judgement; naturally, such a man would not be sorry if he neglected to do what he was ordered to do, or if he indulged in sins and crimes. Perhaps he outright rejects basic truths and teachings of religion; or may be he just does not care, is not worried of punishment of sins on the Day of Reckoning. In later case, his verbal acknowledgement of the Day of Judgement would be but a joke and mockery.
5. Once he feels remorse, he is repentant – meaning his remorse will be the catylist which will aid in the person no longer persisting in the sin, and in turn be eligible for intercession.
6. Intercession depends on repentance and his religion being approved; and both repentance and approved religion are absent in case of persistence.
Another hadith stresses upon ones belief in intercession to be eligible for it:
al-Husayn ibn Khalid narrates from al-Ridha (as), who narrated through his forefathers from the Leader of the faithful (as) that he said: “The Messenger of Allah (sawa) said: ‘Whoever does not believe in my pond (al-Kawthar), may Allah not bring him to my pond, and whoever does not believe in my intercession, may Allah not extend to him my intercession.’ Then he (sawa) said: ‘Verily, my intercession is for those of my ummah who shall have committed great sins; as for the good-doers, there shall be no difficulty for them.’ “ al-Hausayn ibn Khalid said: “I asked al-Ridha (as): ‘O son of the Messenger of Allãh! what is then the meaning of the words of Allãh, Mighty and Great is He: and they do not intercede except for him whom He approves?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘They do not intercede except for him whose religion Allah is pleased with.’”
Source: al-Amali al-Sadooq, Second Assembly, Hadith #4 (See Image below)