A beautiful and authentic hadith describing the level of authority the Imams (as) were delegated by the permission of Allah (swt)

سعيد، عن فضالة بن أيوب، عن أبان بن عثمان، عن محمد بن مسلم، قال: سمعت أبا عبدالله عليه السلام يقول: إن لله عزوجل خلقا خلقهم من نوره، ورحمة من رحمته لرحمته، فهم عين الله الناظرة، واذنه السامعة، ولسانه الناطق في خلقه باذنه، وامناؤه على ماأنزل من عذر أونذر أوحجة، فبهم يمحو الله السيئات، وبهم يدفع الضيم، وبهم ينزل الرحمة، وبهم يحيي ميتا ويميت حيا، وبهم يبتلي خلقه، وبهم يقضي في خلقه قضية.
قلت: جعلت فداك من هؤلاء؟ قال: الاوصياء
I heard Aba `Abdillah (as) say: Indeed Allah, Mighty and Majestic, created certain creatures from His light, and a mercy from His mercy for the sake of His Mercy. For these are the eye of Allah that sees, and His ear that hears, and His tongue that speaks to His creation by His permission, and the safeguards over what has descended from (His) justifications and warnings and proofs. And through them He wards off grievances, and through them He sends down mercy, and through them He enlivens the dead, and causes to die the living. And through them He afflicts His creation (with tribulations), and through them He judges cases among His creation.
I asked: May I be your ransom – Who are these?
He (as) replied: Al-Awsiyaa (the vicegerents).

Sanad: My father – Allah have mercy on Him – said: Sa`d b. `Abdullah narrated to us, he said: Ahmad b. Muhammad b. `Isa narrated to us, from Hasan b. Sa`eed, from Fudalah b. Ayyub, from Abban b. `Uthman, from Muhammad b. Muslim, who said the above hadith

Reference: Kitaab Al-Tawheed, Sheikh Al-Saduq (rh), Chapter 24 – Meaning of The Eye, The Ear and The Tongue, Page 167 (See First Image Below); Bihar al-Anwar, Volume 26, Page 240; Hadith #2 (link)

Grading: Sh. al-Mohsini has graded this hadith reliable [Mashra`at Bihar al-Anwar, Volume 1, Page 479] (See Second Image below). See Slave of Ahlubait blog for gradings of each narrator of this hadith here.



Another hadith in Kitab al-Tawheed with an authoritative chain is the following:

حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل رحمه الله ، قال : حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري ، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى ، عن الحسن بن محبوب ، عن عبد العزيز ، عن ابن أبي يعفور ، قال : قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام : إن الله واحد ، أحد ، متوحد بالوحدانية ، متفرد بأمره ، خلق خلقا ففوض إليهم أمر دينه ، فنحن هم يا ابن أبي يعفور نحن حجة الله في عباده ، وشهداؤه على خلقه ، وأمناؤه على وحيه ، و خزانه على علمه ، ووجهه الذي يؤتي منه وعينه في بريته ، ولسانه الناطق ، و قلبه الواعي ، وبابه الذي يدل عليه ، ونحن العاملون بأمره ، والداعون إلى سبيله ، بنا عرف الله ، وبنا عبد الله ، نحن الأدلاء على الله ، ولولانا ما عبد الله
‘Abu ‘Abdullah, peace be upon him, said: ‘God is One, single, unified through unity, unique in His command. He created those to whom He delegated the command of His religion, and we are those. 0 Ibn Abu Ya’fur, we are the proofs of God amongst His servants, and His witnesses over His creation, and the trustees of His revelation, and the custodians of His knowledge, and His face by which He is approached, and His eyes amongst His creation, and His tongue which speaks, and His heart which is aware, and His door which leads to Him. We are those who act upon His command, and those who call to His way. Through us God is known, and through us God is worshipped. We are the guides to God, and were it not for us God would not be worshipped.’

Sanad: Muhammad ibn Musa ibn al-Mutawakkil, may God show him mercy, narrated to us, saying: “Abdullah ibn Ja far al-Himyari narrated to us, from Abmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, from al-Hasan ibn Mahbub, from Abd al-Aziz, from Ibn Abu Ya’fur, who said the above hadith

Reference: Kitaab Al-Tawheed, Sheikh Al-Saduq (rh), Chapter 12, Hadith #9 (See First Image below); Bihar al-Anwar, Volume 26, Page 260, Hadith #38 (link)

Grading: Sh. al-Shahroodi has graded the chain Sahih [Mustadrak Safeenat al-Bihar, Volume 8, Page 328-329] (See Second Image below)