Is Love for Ali ibn Abi Taleb (as) and belief in his wilayah enough to send you to Heaven?
There is a well-known tradition narrated by the Prophet (sawa):
حُبُّ عَلِيٍّ بْنِ أَبِي طٌالِبٍ حَسَنَةٌ لاٌ تَضُرُّ مَعَهٌا سَيِّئَةٌ
“Love of `Alī Ibn Abī Ťalib is a good deed with which no evil deed can bring harm.”
Source: Bihaar Al-Anwaar, Volume 39, Page 248, Chapter 87, Hadith #10 (See Image)
Many take this as an ijaaza (licence or pass) to sin and abandon the wajibaat of worship. However, they have deeply misunderstood this and similar hadiths.
One of the companions of Imām Ja`far Ibn Muhammad as-Ŝādiq (as) said to the Imām: “Some of your Shī`as have gone astray and consider forbidden actions to be permissible, saying that religion is recognition of the Imām and no more; thus, once you have recognized the Imām, you may do whatever you want.”
Imām as-Ŝādiq (as) said: “Verily we belong to God and to Him shall we return. These unbelievers have interpreted that which they don’t know according to their own ideas. The proper understanding is – Acquire recognition [of the Imām] and do whatever good deeds you want, and they will be accepted of you, for God does not accept actions without recognition.”
Source: Mustadrak al-Wasā’il, Volume 1, Page 174 (See Image)
Meaning your good deeds are not accepted unless you recognize the Imam (as) of your time. For more information, please see the following articles:
Obligation in recognizing the Imam (as),
The Lost Sheep of the Ummah of Prophet Muhammad (sawa),
Salvation of Non-Shia’s
Also, Muhammad Ibn Mārid asked Imām Ja`far Ibn Muhammad as-Ŝādiq (as): “Is it true that you have said, ‘Once you have recognized (the Imām), do what you please’?” The Imām (as) replied, “Yes, that is correct.” He said, “Any action, even adultery, theft, or drinking wine?!” The Imām (as) replied: “Verily we belong to God and to Him shall we return. I swear by God, they have wronged us. We [the Imāms] ourselves are responsible for our actions; how can responsibility be lifted from our Shī`as? What I said is that once you have recognized the Imām, do what you wish of good deeds, for they will be accepted from you.”
Source: Usool Al-Kāfī, Volume 2, Chapter 209, Hadith #5 (See Image)
In another tradition, Imām Ja`far Ibn Muhammad as-Ŝādiq (as) said in a couplet:
تُعْصِي الإِلٌهَ وَأَنْتَ تُظْهِرُ حُبَّهُ , هٌذَا لِعَمْرِي فِي الْفِعٌالِ بَدِيعٌ
لَوْ كٌانَ حُبُّكَ صٌادِقاً لَأَطَعْتَهُ , إِنَّ الْمُحِبَّ لِمَنْ يُحِبُّ مُطِيعٌ
You disobey God while claiming to love Him,
This by my life is an incredible deed.
If your love were true, you would obey Him;
Verily the lover shows obedience to the beloved.
Source: Bihaar Al-Anwaar, Volume 47, Page 24 (See Image)
The true friends of Amīrul Mo’minīn `Alī Ibn Abī Ťalib (as) would always abstain from sins; his patronage (wilāyah) would protect from sin, not encourage it.
Imām Muhammad Ibn `Alī al-Bāqir (as) said: […] “O Jabir, I swear by Allah, nothing helps one to become nearer to Allah, the Most Blessed, the Most High, except obedience to Him. There is no immunity from hell and no one possesses any authority over Allah. Only those who obey Allah, they are our supporters. Whoever is disobedient to Allah, is our enemy. Our guardianship applies only to those who do good deeds and maintain restraint over their desires for worldly things.”
Source: Usool Al-Kafi, Volume 2, Chapter 36, Hadith #3 (See Image)
The Messenger of God (S), after the conquest of Makkah, ascended the hill of al-Ŝafāāand called out: “O sons of Hāshim! O sons of `Abdul Muťťalib!” The descendents of Hāshim and `Abdul Muťťalib assembled; when they came together, the Messenger (S) addressed them:
إِنِّـي رَسُولُ اللٌّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ، إِنِّـي لَشَفِيقٌ عَلَيْكُمْ، لاٌ تَقُولُوا إِنَّ مُحَمَّداً مِنٌّا، فَوَاللٌّهِ مٌا أَوْلِيٌائِي مِنْكُمْ وَلاٌ مِنْ غَيْرِكُمْ إِلاَّ الْمُتَّقُونَ، فَلاٌ تَأْتُونِي يَوْمَ الْقِيٌامَةِ تَحْمِلُونَ الدُّنْيٌا عَلى رِقٌابِكُمْ وَيَأْتِي النٌّاسُ يَحْمِلُونَ الآخِرَةَ. أَلاَّ وَإِنِّـي قَدْ أَعْذَرْتُ فِيمٌا بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ وَفِيمٌا بَيْنَ اللٌّهِ عَزَّ وَّجَلَّ وَبَيْنَكُمْ وَإِنَّ لِي عَمَلِي وَلَكُمْ عَمَلُكُمْ
“Verily I am God’s Messenger to you; verily I am your well-wisher. Don’t say that Muhammad is from among us, for I swear by God, my friends from among you and from among others are only the pious ones. So do not let me see you come to me on the Day of Judgement carrying the world on your shoulders, while the people come carrying the Hereafter. Aye, I have left no excuse between myself and you, and between God the Exalted and you. Verily, for me are my deeds and for you are your deeds.”
Source: Sifaat Al-Shia, Sheikh Al-Sadooq, Hadith #8 (See Image)
In al-Kafi, we see a differentiation of the Shia’s between those who hold on to the deeds and those who neglect:
“Allah defends through those of our Shi’a (followers) who perform prayer from those of our Shi’a (followers) who do not perform prayers, and if they all stop praying all of them will face destruction. Allah defends through those of our Shi’a (followers) who pay al-Zakat (charity) from those who do not pay al-Zakat and if they all stop paying al-Zakat all of them will be destroyed. Allah defends through those of our Shi’a (followers) who perform Hajj from those who do not perform Hajj and if they all stop performing Hajj all of them will be destroyed. This is indicated in the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘Had Allah not defended one group of people through the other, the earth would have been destroyed, but Allah is generous to the worlds.’ (2:251) This, by Allah, has been revealed about you and no one else is meant thereby.’”
Sanad: Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ali ibn Ma’bad from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Qasim from Yunus ibn Zabyan from abu ‘Abd Allah (as) who has said the above hadith
Source: Usool al-Kafi, Volume 2, Chapter 200, Hadith #1 (See below)