On the birthday of Imam abu Ja’far Muhammad bin Ali al-Baqir (as) on the 1st of Rajab – we take a look at some reliable narrations in his honour.
“Abu ‘Abd Allah (as) has said, ‘Jabir ibn ’Abd Allah al-Ansari was the last surviving of the companions of the Messenger of Allah. He was a devoted follower of our Ahl al-Bayt. He would sit in the Mosque of the Messenger of Allah wearing a black turban. He would call, ‘O Baqir al-‘Ilm, O Baqir al-‘Ilm (a person of deep knowledge).’ The people of Madina would say, ‘Jabir is hallucinating.’ He would say, ‘No, by Allah, I do not hallucinate, but I heard the Messenger of Allah say, “You will soon meet a man from me whose name will be as my name and his manners as my manners. He will dig very deep in knowledge.” This is what makes me say what I say.’ The Imam has said, ‘Jabir would still come and go, and one day in one of the roads of Madina, when passing, he found a few of the school children among whom Muhammad ibn Ali (as) was also present (for a reason other than schooling. Attending schools was not necessary for ‘A’immah). He looked at him and called him (Muhammad ibn Ali) to himself. The boy came to him and then he said, ‘go back.’ The boy went back. Then he said, ‘I swear by the One in Whose hand is my life, (that I see) manners as the manners of the Messenger of Allah. O (little) boy, what is your name?’ He replied, ‘My name is Muhammad ibn Ali ibn al-Husayn (as). Jabir came forward and began to kiss his head and say, ‘May Allah keep my soul and the souls of my parents in service for your cause, the Messenger of Allah, your great-great grandfather, told me to convey his greetings of peace to you and would speak of all that (I see in you).’
“The Imam has said, ‘Once Muhammad ibn Ali ibn al-Husayn came to his father and he was anxious. He explained to him about Jabir. His father asked, ‘Did Jabir really do this?’ He replied, ‘Yes, he did so.’ The Imam said, ‘My son, stay home (and do not expose yourself to the enemy).’ Jabir thereafter would come to him mornings and evenings and the people of Madina would say, ‘It is so strange that Jabir, the only surviving companion of the Messenger of Allah, comes to a boy on both ends of the day every day.’ Very shortly Ali ibn al-Husayn (as) passed away. Muhammad ibn Ali, (as), then normally went to visit Jabir out of respect for his being a companion of the Messenger of Allah and spoke to people from Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. The people of Madina would say, ‘We have not seen anyone as bold as he is.’ On hearing this from them he began to speak to them from the Messenger of Allah. The people of Madina began to say, ‘We have not seen a greater liar as he is because he speaks from one whom he has never seen.’ On hearing this from them he began to narrate to them from Jabir ibn ‘Abd Allah.
“The Imam has said, ‘They would accept what he narrates from Jabir ibn ‘Abd Allah. However, Jabir would come to him and learn from him (Muhammad ibn Ali ibn al-Husayn (as)). ’”
Sanad: A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Aban ibn Taghlib from abu ‘Abd Allah (as) who has said the above hadith
Source: al-Kafi, Volume 1, Chapter 175, Hadith #2 (See First Image below)
Grading: Allaamah al-Majlisi has said this hadith is Authentic/Sahih with him despite the popular opinion of its weakness (ضعيف على المشهور صحيح عندي) [Mira’at al-Uqool, Volume 6, Page 16 (See Second Image below)]
“Once I went to see abu Ja‘far (as) and asked him, ‘Are you the heir of the Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘Yes, we are his heir.’ I then asked, ‘Was the Messenger of Allah the heir of the prophets and did he know all that they knew?’ He said to me, ‘Yes, it is true.’ I then asked, ‘Do you have the power to bring the dead back to life and cure the lepers, and the blind?’ He said, ‘Yes, we do have such powers by the permission of Allah.’ Then he said to me, ‘Come closer to me, O abu Muhammad.’ I went closer to him and he rubbed my face and my eyes and I saw the sun, the skies, the earth, the houses and all things in the town. Then he asked me, ‘Do you like to live this way, you will have what others have and be responsible for whatever they will be held responsible for on the Day of Judgment or would you like to live as before and have paradise purely?’ I said, ‘I would like to live as I lived before.’ He rubbed my eyes and I found myself as before.’ “I (the narrator) told it to ibn abu ‘Umayr who said, ‘I testify that this is true just as the day is true.’”
Sanad: A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Muthanna al-Hannat from abu Basir who has said the above hadith
Source: al-Kafi, Volume 1, Chapter 175, Hadith #3 (See First Image below)
Grading: Allaamah al-Majlisi has graded the hadith as Good/Hasan (حسن) [Mira’at al-Uqool, Volume 6, Page 19 (See Second Image below)]