Salman (ra) schooling a companion with hadiths and ayahs of the Qur’an, ending with an amazing narration about the comparison between Ali (as) and Surat al-Ikhlaas.

I heard al-Ṣādiq, Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed عليهما السلام narrate from his father, from his forefathers عليهما السلام, who said: One day, the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله said to his companions: ‘Which of you fast all the time?’
Salmān رحمة الله عليه said: ‘I do, Oh Messenger of Allāh!’
The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله then said: ‘Which of you remain awake during the night [in worship]?’
Salmān replied: ‘I do, Oh Messenger of Allāh!’
He (the Prophet) said: ‘Which of you complete [reciting] the Qur’ān every day?’
Salmān replied: ‘I do, Oh Messenger of Allāh!’
One of the Prophet’s companions became angered, and said: ‘Oh Messenger of Allāh! Salmān is a Persian, who wants to gloat over us, the people of Quraysh. You asked us, ‘Which of you fast all the time? and he said ‘I’ – while most days he eats. And you asked us, ‘Which of you remain awake during the night [in worship]?’ and he said ‘I’ – while most nights he is asleep. And you asked us, ‘Which of you complete [reciting] the Qur’ān every day?’ and he said ‘I’ – while most of the day he is silent.’
The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله replied: ‘Silence, so-and-so, for how far you are from the like of Luqmān the Wise! Ask him, and he will explain to you.’
The companion then asked Salmān: ‘Oh Abā ʿAbd Allāh! Did you not claim that you fast all the time?’
Salmān replied: ‘Yes.’
He said: ‘But I have seen you eating most days!’
Salmān replied: ‘It is not where [your mind] has gone. I fast three [days] in [every] month, while Allāh, Might and Majestic, says: ‘Whoever comes with a good deed will have ten times the like thereof‘.1 And I join the month of Sha’ban [in fasting] with the Month of Ramadhān, so this is how I have fast all the time.’
He then asked: ‘Did you not claim that you remain awake during the night [in worship]?’
Salmān replied: ‘Yes.’
He said: ‘But most of the nights you are asleep!’
Salmān replied: ‘It is not where [your mind] has gone. Rather, I have heard my beloved Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله say: ‘Whoever spends the night [asleep] upon purity (ṭuhr), it will be as if he has spent the whole night awake [in worship]’. So I spend the night upon purity.’
He said: ‘Did you not claim that you complete [reciting] the Qur’ān every day?’
Salmān replied: ‘Yes.’
He said: ‘But you spend most of the days silent!’
Salmān said, ‘It is not where [your mind] has gone. Rather, I have heard my beloved Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله say to ʿAlī عليه السلام: ‘Oh Abā al-Ḥassan! Your similitude in my nation (ummah) is like that of Surat al-Tawḥīd (Qul huwwa Allāhu aḥad)2 – whoever recites it once, it is as if he has recited one-third of the Qur’ān, and whoever recites it twice, it is as if he has recited two-thirds of the Qur’ān, and whoever recites it three times, it will be as if he has completed [reciting all of the] Qur’ān; Therefore, whoever loves you with his tongue completes one-third of his imān, and whoever loves you with both his tongue and heart completes two-thirds of his imān, and whoever loves you with his tongue and heart and assists you with his hand (i.e. physically with his might and means) completes [in full] his imān. I swear, by the One Who sent me with the truth, Oh ʿAlī! Had the people of Earth loved you the way that the people of the Heavens have loved you, nobody would have been tormented with the Fire’. Therefore, l recite (Qul huwwa Allāhu aḥad) [Surat al-Tawḥīd] everyday, three times.’
The man then stood up and left as if someone had filled his mouth with a rock.3

Footnotes:
1. Surat al-Anʿām (6:160)
2. First Āyah from Surat al-Tawḥīd, also known as Surat al-Ikhlās.
2. Arab proverb

Sanad: Aḥmed bin Moḥammed bin Yaḥya al-ʿAṭṭār – who said, it was narrated to us by my father, from Aḥmed bin Moḥammed bin ʿĪsa, from Nūḥ bin Shuʿayb al-Nīsābūri, from ʿUbayd Allāh bin ʿAbd Allāh al-Dahqān, from ʿUrwa bin akhi Shuʿayb al-Qarqūqi, from Shuʿayb, from Abī Baṣīr who narrated the above hadith

Source: Al-‘Āmāli (The Dictations), Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, Assembly #9, Ḥadīth #5 (See Image below)

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