There is no doubt cursing of certain types of people is a part of the deen, and promoted by both Qur’an and ahhadith – However some certain individuals in history are seen to have a more sensitive position within the Islamic nation. Should public cursing with explicit use of their name be done?
Ibn Abi Mahmood said: “I told Al-Ridha (as), ‘O son of the Prophet of God! There are traditions with us about the nobility of the Commander of the Faithful (s) and the nobilities of you – the Members of the Holy Household – which I do not observe in you. Should we believe in those traditions?” The Imam (as) said, ‘O Ibn Abi Mahmood! My father (as) narrated that his father (as) quoted on the authority of his grandfather (as) that God’s Prophet (s) said, ‘Whoever listens to someone’s speech is worshipping him. If the speaker is talking on behalf of God, then he has worshipped God. However, if the speaker is talking on behalf of Satan, then he has worshipped Satan.’’
The Imam (as) then added, ‘O Ibn Abi Mahmood! The traditions fabricated about our nobilities and merits by our opponents/enemies are divided into three categories:
(1) Ghuluw (exaggeration of our status)
(2) Taqseer (lower our status)
(3) Explicit naming of our enemies and relating their defects
When the people hear their traditions which are exaggerations about us, they will denounce us and say that the Shia believe in the divinity of their Divine Leaders. When they hear their traditions belittling us and our status, they will believe them. When they hear traditions mentioning our enemies names explicitly and slander them, they will dishonor us, while Allah, the Honorable the Exalted has said, ‘Revile not ye those whom they call upon besides God, lest they out of spite revile God in their ignorance….’” (6:108)
O Ibn Abi Mahmood! Follow our way when the people deviate to the right or left. We will be with whoever follows us. We will separate from whoever separates himself from us. The least thing that might lead one to abandon faith is to say that a pebble is an atom, believe it and stay away from those who oppose him. O Ibn Abi Mahmood! Safeguard what I have told you since I have given you what is best for you in this world and the Hereafter.”
Source: `Uyoun Akhbaar al-Ridha, Sh. al-Sadooq, Volume 1, Chapter 28, Hadith #63 (See Image below)
This hadith does not condemn cursing, however warns against the hadiths that show that the imams cursed publicly by name – which would lead to those who are ignorant to curse or insult the Ahlulbayt (as) our of spite. We have many traditions where the Imams (as) would use code names for the enemies (such as al-Jibt and al-Taghoot, or Number 1 & Number 2) while cursing them – which was used as a shield and protection for the Ahlulbayt (as) and the Shia. In private however, there is no issues with using the explicit names.
Some may argue that this is is taken out of context, specifically to Taqiyyah out of fear of life – however whichever context you take it with, there is absolutely no doubt that the Imam (as) claims that public cursing by name will potentially result in the dishonour of the Ahlulbayt (as) and return in insults to the Imams (as).
Sheikh al-Sadooq (rh) relates:
Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq was told: O son of the Messenger of Allah, verily we see in the mosque one who openly abuses your enemies, and naming them. And he (as) said: “What is wrong with him? May Allah curse him! Why does he publicise us?”
(al-Sadooq (rh) said in relation to the tafsir of this ayah): “Revile not those who invoke other than Allah, lest wrongfully they revile Allah through ignorance” [6:108]. Imam Ja’far (as) in explaining this verse has said: So do not revile (insult) them, lest they revile (insult) you. And he (as) also said: He who reviles the friend (wali) of Allah (i.e. ‘Ali) has reviled Allah. And the Prophet said: He who reviles thee, O `Ali, has verily reviled me; and he, who reviles me, has verily reviled Allah.”
Source: al-i`tiqadaat, Sh. al-Sadooq, Chapter 39, Page 107-108 (See Image below)
And on that note: BULB