What is meant by the saying: “Ali (as) is the Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire”? (علي قسيم الجنة والنار)

‘I said to Abu Abdullah Ja’far Bin Muhammad Al-Sadiq (as): ‘Why did Ameer Al-Mu’mineen Ali Bin Abu Taleb (as) come to be Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire?’ He said: ‘Because, love for him is faith, and hate for him is Disbelief. But rather, the Paradise was Created for the people of the Imaan (faith), and the Fire was Created for the people of the disbelief. Therefore, he is the Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire, due to this reason. So the Paradise, none shall enter it except for the people who love him, and the Fire, none shall enter it except for the people who hate him’.
Al-Mufadhal narrates, ‘So I said, ‘O son of the Messenger of Allah! So the Prophets (as), and the successors used to love him, and their enemies used to hate him?’ He said: ‘Yes’. I said, ‘So how can that be?’ He said: ‘But do you not know that the Prophet (sawa) said on the Day of Khayber: ‘I shall be giving the flag tomorrow to a man who loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah and His Messenger love him. He would not return Allah Grants him victory by his hands’? So he handed over the flag to Ali (as). Thus Allah Granted victory by his hands’. I said, ‘Yes’.
He said: ‘But, do you know that when the Messenger of Allah (sawa) was brought a grilled chicken, he said: ‘O Allah! Get the one most Beloved to You and to me to come and eat with me, from this bird’ – and he meant Ali (as) by it?’ I said, ‘Yes’.
He said: ‘So is it Permissible that the Prophets of Allah, and their successors did not love a man who is Loved by Allah and His Messenger, and he loved Allah and His Messenger?’ So I said to him, ‘No’. So is it Permissible that the Believers who happened to be in their communities were not loving the Beloved one of Allah, and a beloved one of His Messengers, and the His Prophets?’ I said, ‘No’.
He said: ‘It has thus been proved that their enemies and the adversaries, it would be that for them, and for the entirety of those that loved them, and the hateful ones’. I said, ‘Yes’. He said: ‘Therefore, none shall enter the Paradise except the one who loves him, from the former ones and the later ones; and none shall enter the Fire except the one who hates him, from the former ones and the later ones. Thus, then, he is the Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire’.
Al-Mufadhal Ibn Umar said, ‘So I said to him, ‘O son of the Messenger of Allah! Relieve from me (the understanding of matters), may Allah Relieve you’. He said: ‘Ask, O Mufadhal!’ So I said to him, ‘O son of the Messenger of Allah! So Ali (as) would be entering those that love him into the Paradise, and those that hate him into the Fire? Or would it be Ridhwaan and Maalik (the two Keepers)?’
So he said: ‘O Mufadhal! But, know that Allah Blessed and High Sent Messengers to the Prophets, and he was a spirit, and they were spirits, before the Creation of the creation by two thousand years. But know, that he called them to the Oneness of Allah, and being obedient to Him, and the following of His Commands, and promised them (as) the Paradise upon that, and promised the ones who opposed and did not respond to them, and rejected them, (promised) the Fire’. I said, ‘Yes’.
He said: ‘So, is not the Prophet therefore responsible, when he promised and promise on behalf of his Lord Mighty and Majestic?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He said: ‘Or is not Ali Bin Abu Taleb (as) his Caliph and an Imam of his community?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He said: ‘Or are not Ridhwaan and Maalik (the two Keepers), from the totality of the Angels, and the seekers of Forgiveness for his Shia, the salvaged ones due to his love?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He said: ‘Therefore Ali Bin Abu Taleb (as) is the Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire, from the Messenger of Allah (swt), and Ridhwaan and Maalik (the two Keepers) are the implementers of his orders by the Command of Allah Blessed and High.
O Mufadhal! Take this, for it is from the treasured knowledge, and conceal it. Do not bring it out (to anyone) except to the one who is deserving of it’.

حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن القطان قال : حدثنا أحمد بن يحيى بن زكريا أبو العباس القطان قال : حدثنا محمد بن إسماعيل البرمكي قال : حدثنا عبد الله بن داهر قال : حدثنا أبي ، عن محمد بن سنان عن المفضل بن عمر قال : قلت لأبي عبد الله جعفر بن محمد الصادق ” ع ” لم صار أمير المؤمنين علي بن أبي طالب قسيم الجنة والنار ؟ قال : لان حبه إيمان وبغضه كفر ، وإنما خلقت الجنة لأهل الايمان ، وخلقت النار لأهل الكفر ، فهو عليه السلام قسيم الجنة والنار ، لهذه العلة فالجنة لا يدخلها إلا أهل محبته ، والنار لا يدخلها إلا أهل بغضه . قال المفضل : فقلت يا بن رسول الله فالأنبياء والأوصياء عليهم السلام كانوا يحبونه وأعدائهم كانوا يبغضونه ؟ قال نعم قلت فكيف ذلك ؟ قال : أما علمت أن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله قال يوم خيبر : لأعطين الراية غدا رجلا يحب الله ورسوله ويحبه الله ورسوله ما يرجع حتى يفتح الله على يديه ، فدفع الراية إلى علي عليه السلام ففتح الله تعالى على يديه . قلت بلى ، قال : أما علمت أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لما أتى بالطائر المشوي قال صلى الله عليه وآله اللهم إئتني بأحب خلقك إليك وإلي يأكل معي من هذا الطائر – وعنى به عليا ” ع ” – قلت بلى ، قال فهل يجوز أن لا يحب أنبياء الله ورسله وأوصيائهم عليهم السلام رجلا يحبه الله ورسوله ويحب الله ورسوله . فقلت له لا ، قال : فهل يجوز أن يكون المؤمنون من أممهم لا يحبون حبيب الله وحبيب رسوله ، وأنبيائه عليهم السلام ؟ قلت لا ، قال : فقد ثبت ان أعدائهم والمخالفين لهم كانوا لهم ولجميع أهل محبتهم مبغضين ، قلت نعم ، قال : فلا يدخل الجنة إلا من أحبه من الأولين والآخرين ولا يدخل النار إلا من أبغضه من الأولين والآخرين فهو إذن قسيم الجنة والنار . قال المفضل بن عمر : فقلت له يا بن رسول الله فرجت عني فرج الله عنك فزدني مما علمك الله ، قال : سل يا مفضل فقلت له يا بن رسول الله فعلي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام يدخل محبه الجنة ومبغضه النار ؟ أو رضوان ومالك ؟ فقال يا مفضل أما علمت أن الله تبارك وتعالى بعث رسول صلى الله عليه وآله وهو روح إلى الأنبياء عليهم السلام ، وهم أرواح قبل خلق الخلق بألفي عام ، قال : أما علمت أنه دعاهم إلى توحيد الله وطاعته واتباع أمره ووعدهم الجنة على ذلك وأوعد من خالف ما أجابوا إليه وأنكره النار قلت بلى قال : أفليس النبي صلى الله عليه وآله ضامنا لما وعد وأوعد عن ربه عز وجل ، قلت بلى قال : أوليس علي بن أبي طالب خليفته وإمام أمته ؟ قلت بلى ، قال : أوليس رضوان وملك من جملة الملائكة والمستغفرين لشيعته الناجين بمحبته ؟ قلت بلى ، قال : فعلي ابن أبي طالب إذن قسيم الجنة والنار عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ورضوان ومالك صادران عن أمره بأمر الله تبارك وتعالى ، يا مفضل خذ هذا فإنه من مخزون العلم ومكنونه لا تخرجه إلا إلى أهله

Sanad: Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Al Qatan narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Zakariyya Abu Al Abbas Al Qatan, from Muhammad Bin Isamil Al Barmakky, from Abdullah Bin Dahar, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Al Mufadhal Bin Umar who said the above hadith

Source: `ilil al-Shara’i`, Sh. Al-Sadooq, Volume 1, Chapter 130, Hadith #1 (See Image below)

Untitled