Putting aside the apparent (dhaahir) meanings behind laylat al-Qadr (The Night of Destiny), we explore the hidden (baatin) Ta’weel meaning of the night and Sayeda Fatima’s (as) relationship with it..


From the previous article, The Light of Fatima (as), we know Fatima (as) is a mystery of Allah (swt) and His Noor. Laylat al-Qadr provides us with more insight to this.

There are two set’s of ayahs that Fatima (as) has relation to. The first is in Surah al-Dukhan:

“Ha Mim. (44:1)
I swear by the illustrious Book (44:2)
that We have revealed the Holy Quran on a blessed night to warn mankind (44:3)
On this night, every absolute command coming from Us becomes distinguishable.” (44:4)

and the second is Surah al-Qadr:

“We revealed the Quran on the Night of Destiny (97:1)
Would that you had known what the Night of Destiny is! (97:2)
(Worship on) the Night of Destiny is better than (worship) for a thousand months (97:3)
On this Night, the angels and the spirit descend by the permission of their Lord with His decree (to determine everyone’s destiny) (97:4)
This Night is all peace until the break of dawn.” (97:5)

in regards to the blessed night (44:3) there is a long tradition in al-Kafi:

“…[A] Christian man then said, ‘I want to ask you questions, may Allah grant you well being.’ The Imam said, ‘Ask your questions.’ He said, ‘Tell me about the book that Allah has revealed to Muhammad who read, followed it and said, “Ha Mim. (44:1) I swear by the illustrious Book (44:2) that We have revealed the Holy Quran on a blessed night to warn mankind (44:3). On this night, every absolute command coming from Us becomes distinguishable.” (44:4) What is its intrinsic interpretation and meaning?’

“The Imam said, ‘Ha Mim stands for Muhammad (as) who is mentioned in the book of Hud which was revealed to him and its letters are abbreviated. The “Illustrious Book” stands for Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (as). The blessed night stands for Fatima (as). “. . . absolute command coming from Us becomes distinguishable,” (44:4) means that in that night there comes a great deal of good. There is the man of wisdom, the man of wisdom and the man of wisdom. (It is a reference to the first three ‘A’immah from the descendents of Fatima (as)).’

Sanad: Ahmad ibn Mihran and Ali ibn Ibrahim both have narrated from Muhammad ibn Ali from al-Hassan ibn Rashid from Ya’qub ibn Ja‘far ibn Ibrahim who has said the above hadith

Source: Usool al-Kafi, Volume 1, Chapter 177, Hadith #4 (See Image below)

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Turning towards Surah al-Qadr:

Muhammad b. Qasim said that Imam Jafar as-Sadiq said: Indeed We revealed it (the Qurʾan) on the Night of Destiny. “The Night (Layl) is Fatima, and the Destiny (al-Qadr) is Allah, therefore whoever knows Fatima well has understood the Night of Destiny, and the reason for Fatima being named Fatima* is that mankind has been ‘prevented from obtaining’ (fatamoo) her real status!”

* Fatima is from the root fa-ta-ma, originally meaning “weaning from milk”. Among the reasons that have been mentioned for the appropriate choice of this name for this Lady of Islam, the above meaning has also been included. Indeed Fatima was called by this name as the creations have been prevented from truly knowing and having a deep understanding of Fatima (we are not able to know her true stature with Allah).

Here, we find Fatima (as) is the night, and the Destiny (al-Qadr) is Allah. What is meant by this? A few interpretations are as follows:

1. Laylat al-Qadr is a mysterious night, even the exact date being obscure, while Fatima (as) also is a mysterious lady, whose true status with Allah (swt) is also obscure.

2. Just as the night of Qadr is hidden amongst other nights, the exact date unknown – the grave of Fatima (as) is hidden amongst graves, the exact location uknown.

3. Fatima (as) is the “shadow” of the Noor of Allah (swt).

4. She faced extreme hardship and sorrow through out her life until today, and this sorrow is manifested in darkness/night.

The exegesis continues:

‘And as for the Statement of the High: And what will make you know the grand night? The grand night is better than a thousand months, meaning better than a thousand believers, and she is the Mother of the Believers. Therein come down the angels and the Spirit and the angels in this subject are the Believers who own** the knowledge of the Progeny of Muhammad (sawa), and the Spirit is the Holy Spirit and it is Fatima (as), by the permission of their Lord, with every affair, peace, until the break of dawn means until the appearance of al-Qa’im (as).’

** “own” in Arabic here is “yamlikoon” which has the same root word as “malaa’ika” (angels).

Source: Tafseer Furaat al-Koofi, Page 581-582, Hadith #2

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So basically, the in-depth (ta’weel) interpretation of ‘The Night (al-Layl)’ is Fatima and the in-depth (ta’weel) interpretation of ‘Destiny (al-Qadr)’ is Allah. Therefore, a person who has truly grasped a deep understanding of Fatima (and who she is) has actually witnessed and experienced the Night of Destiny. Fatima was called by this name as the creations have been prevented from truly knowing and having a deep understanding of Fatima (we are not able to know her true stature with Allah).

Interestingly, this hadith states that Sayeda Fatima (as) is al-Rooh (the spirit), or even al-Rooh al-Quds, the Holy Spirit.

We also find this in Tafseer al-Burhaan:

‘I asked Abu Abdullah (as), ‘As for that which is clarified during the Night of Destiny, is that something on which Allah the Glorious and High, has no control over?’ He said: ‘Do not describe the Might of Allah the High’, until he said: ‘[44:4] Therein every wise affair is made distinct how can it be Wise unless it has been clarified, and do not describe the Might of Allah the Glorious, because He Makes events to happens as He Likes.’
‘And as for the Statement of the High [97:3] The grand night is better than a thousand months it means (Syeda) Fatima (as), and His Statement [97:4] Therein come down the angels and the Spirit and the Angels in this subject are the Believers who have learned the knowledge of the Progeny of Muhammad (sawa), and the Spirit is the Holy Spirit and it is Fatima (as), with every affair, peace, he said: ‘With every affair they salute him until the break of dawn,means until the appearance of al-Qa’im (as).’

Source: Tafseer al-Burhaan, Volume 8, Page 342, Hadith #27 (See Image below)

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However, the author of al-Burhaan (Syed Hashim al Bahrani) has stated he took the narration from the Tafseer “Ta’weel al-Ayaat”. When searching through and finding the hadith in the original source, we find something interesting:

‘…and His Statement [97:4] Therein come down the angels and the Spirit and the Angels in this subject are the Believers who have learned the knowledge of the Progeny of Muhammad (sawa), and the Spirit is the Holy Spirit and it is within Fatima (as)…’

Source: Ta’weel al-Ayaat, Volume 2, Page 818, Hadith #3 (See Image below)

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In Tafseer al-Burhaan, it says: “and it (feminine) is Fatima (as)” [وهي فاطمة] while in the original of Ta’weel al-Ayaat it says: “and it (masculine) is within Fatima (as)” [وهو في فاطمة]. It seems that either the referencing of al-Burhaan is incorrect, or was “copied” incorrectly. The original version in Ta’weel al-Ayaat also seems to be more consistent with the other hadiths of ahlulbayt (as).

If the meaning were to be the Holy Spirit is within Fatima (as), it would suggest it to be just as how Adam, and Jesus – peace be upon them – were strengthened by it, for example:

“So when I have made him (Adam) complete and breathed into him of My spirit, fall down making obeisance to him.” (15:29)

in a reliable tradition in al-Kafi:

“Once I asked (Imam) abu ‘Abd Allah (as) about the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, ‘The spirit from Him.’ (Imam) abu ‘Abd Allah replied, ‘It is the spirit (Rooh) from Allah created in Adam and Jesus.’”

Sanad: It is narrated from a number of our people from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hajjal from Tha‘laba from Humran who said the above hadith

Source: Usool al-Kafi, Volume 1, Chapter, Hadith #2 (See First Image below)

Grading: Allaamah al-Majlisi (rh) says the chain is Good/Hasan (حسن) [Mira’at al-Uqool, Volume 2, page 83 (See Second Image below)]

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Alternatively, it could mean that Fatima (as) was strengthened by it just as the Prophets (as) and the special friends of Allah did, in which they gained knowledge from:

We gave Isa, the son of Marium, clear arguments and strengthened him with the holy spirit” (2:87)

in an authentic tradition in al-Kafi:

“…“The foremost group are the messengers and the people of special status with Allah among His creatures. Allah has placed in them five spirits and has supported them with the Holy Spirit. Through this (the Holy Spirit) they recognize things…”

Sanad: Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Ibrahim ibn ‘Umar al-Yamani from Jabir al-Ju‘fi from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the above hadith

Source: Usool al-Kafi, Volume 1, Chapter 112, Hadith #1 (See First Image below)

Grading: Allaamah al-Majlisi says it is Authentic/Sahih (صحيح) [Mira’at al-Uqool, Volume 3, Page 165 (See Second Image below)

and in another tradition:

“Once I asked abu Ja‘far (as) about the knowledge of the scholar. He said, ‘O Jabir, in the prophets and in the executors of their will, there are five spirits. They are the (1) Holy Spirit, (2) the spirit of belief, (3) the spirit of life, (4) the spirit of power and (5) the spirit of desire. Through the Holy Spirit, O Jabir, they receive the knowledge of all that is below the Throne as well as what is below the land.’ He then said, ‘O Jabir, these four spirits are the kind of spirits that may become affected by events that take place. Only the Holy Spirit is that which does not trifle and wander around.’”

Sanad: Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Musa ibn ‘Umar from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ‘Ammar ibn Marwan from al-Munakhkhal from Jabir who has said the following:

Source: Usool al-Kafi, Volume 1, Chapter 112, Hadith #2 (See First Image below)

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Even though we (the author of this article) find the version of the the spirit being within Fatima (as) as opposed to being Fatima (as), there is no issues in the spirit being Fatima (as) herself from a Baatin (esoteric) dimension, especially considering the same hadith suggests the angels are the believers who have ma`rifa (true understanding) of the progeny of Muhammad (sawa). Hadiths suggest the dhaahir (apparant) meaning of “the Spirit” is Jibra’eel, and in other narrations a creature greater than Jibra’eel (which also could be Sayeda Fatima (as), although unlikely, and nothing explicit suggests that – wAllahu a`lam):

“I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (as) about the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, ‘They ask you about the Spirit. Say, “The Spirit comes by the command of my Lord. . . .’ (17:85) The Imam said, ‘He is a creature greater than Jibril and Mika’il. He was with the Messenger of Allah and he is present with the ‘A’immah (as). He is from the realm of the angels.’”

Sanad: Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following

Source: Usool al-Kafi, Volume 1, Chapter 113, Hadith #3 (See First Image below)

Grading: Allaamah al-Majlisi says it is Authentic/Sahih (صحيح) [Mira’at al-Uqool, Volume 3, Page 171 (See Second Image below)

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What is for certain, is the close relationship between the Night of Qadr and the being of Fatima deems it necessary for all of us to strive harder to know her and obtain greater benefit from the blessings of her radiance.

O Lord! Bestow on us such a spiritual awakening that we take sufficient benefit from the virtue of the Night of Ordainment.

O Lord! We hope only that our predestined fates are determined based on Your Grace.

O Lord! Do not put us among those who are deprived from this month, because it is the worst deprivation.

Ameen, Ya Rab al-`aalameen.