The story found in Surah al-Baqarah in ayahs 67-73 is one that encapsulates the relationship between Musa (as) and the Children of Israel. The hardheartedness of the companions of Musa (as) did them no favours, for had they submitted their dunya and akhira (this world and the next), it would have been much better for them. Instead they suffered, by Allah (swt) making a simple task one much more difficult and expensive! The following hadith from Imam al-Ridha (as) describes the events and comments on the ayahs, ending the story with a young man from Bani Israel who showed how submission to the laws of Allah (swt), a soft heart, and kindenss, can lead to success both in this world and the next.

Imam al-Ridha (as) said: “One of the men from the Children of Israel killed one of his relatives. He then took the corpse and put it along the path of one of the noblest of the offspring of Israel and then went and demanded blood money. The Children of Israel told Moses (as), ‘Such and such a tribe has killed so and so. Tell us who has killed the man.’ Then Moses (as) said, ‘Bring me a cow.’ {They said, ‘Do you take us in ridicule?He (Musa) said, “I seek refuge in Allah from being among the ignorant.”} (2:67) The Imam (as) added, “Had they brought forth a cow, things would have ended and the killer would have been found. But they were stern so God was stern with them. {They said, “Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is.” [Moses] said, “[Allah] says, ‘It is a cow which is neither old nor virgin} meaning neither small or large {but median between that} (2:68) Had they brought forth a cow, things would have ended and the killer would have been found. But they were stern so God was stern on them, {They said, “Call upon your Lord to show us what is her color.” He said, “He says, ‘It is a yellow cow, bright in color – pleasing to the observers.'”} (2:69) Had they brought forth a cow, things would have ended and the killer would have been found. But they were stern so God was stern with them. {They said, “Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is. Indeed, [all] cows look alike to us. And indeed we, if Allah wills, will be guided.” He said, “He says, ‘It is a cow neither trained to plow the earth nor to irrigate the field, one free from fault with no spot upon her.’ ” They said, “Now you have come with the truth.”} (2:70-71)
Then they looked for such a cow and found one belonging to a young man from the Israelites. However, the young man said, ‘I will not sell it unless you fill its skin with gold for me as the price.” The Children of Israel went to Moses (as) and told him about that. Moses (as) said, “You have no choice but to buy it.” Thus they bought it and took it to Moses (as). Moses (as) ordered that the cow be slaughtered. Then he (as) ordered that they hit the corpse of the dead person with the cow’s tail. When they did that the dead man became alive and said, “O Messenger of God! My cousin killed me, not the one who has been accused.” That was how they got to know the murderer. Then God’s Messenger – Moses the son of Imran (as) told one of his companions, “There is an interesting story about this cow.” The companion asked, “What is it?” Moses (as) said, “One of the young men from the Children of Israel was very kind to his father. Once he bought a small calf and took it home. His father was asleep and the stable key was under his head. The young fellow felt sorry for his father and did not wake him up. He just let the calf go. When his father woke up and heard the story, he admired his son, gave him a cow and told him, ‘Take this cow instead.’” Moses (as) added, “Thus look and see what the final result of doing good deeds is, and how far a good deed will take its doer.”

Sanad: al-Sadooq, from his father – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Ali ibn Musa ibn Ja’far ibn Abi Ja’far al-Komondani and Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Attar quoted on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Nasr al-Bezanti that he had heard Abul Hassan Al-Ridha (as) say the above hadith

Source: `Uyoun Akhbaar al-Ridha (as), Volume 2, Chaper 30, Hadith #31 (See First Image below); Bihar al-Anwar, Volume 71, Pages 68-69, Hadith #41 (link)

Grading: The hadith is Sahih/Authentic (صحيح); al-Mohsini says that it is a Mu`tabar (reliable) hadith [Mashra`at Bihar al-Anwar, Volume 2, Page 369-370] (See Second Image below); We also look at the narrators of the hadith by the standards of Sayed al-Kho’i (rh) through the following chain: al-Sadooq -> His Father -> Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Attar -> Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa -> Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Nasr al-Bezanti -> Abul Hassan Al-Ridha (as). We find, via al-Mufeed min Mu’jam Rijaal al-Hadith (See Third Image below), that all narrators are reliable and is a Sahih Hadith.

– al-Sadooq: Thiqa/Reliable (15376)
– His Father (Ali bin al-Hussain bin Musa bin Babuwayh): Thiqa/Reliable (8064)
– Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Attar: Thiqa/Reliable (11986)
– Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa: Thiqa/Reliable (899)
– Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Nasr al-Bezanti: Thiqa/Reliable (802)
– Abul Hassan Al-Ridha (as): Infallible

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